Entanglement is one of the most fundamental and intriguing phenomena in quantum physics. It refers to a special correlation that can exist between quantum particles, such that the state of one particle is inextricably linked to the state of another, regardless of the distance between them. Entanglement defies classical intuition and has profound implications for quantum computing, information, and communication.

When particles are entangled, the measurement of one particle instantly determines the outcome of a corresponding measurement on the other particle. This correlation holds even if the particles are light-years apart, leading Einstein to famously refer to it as "spooky action at a distance." Entangled states cannot be described by independent properties of individual particles; instead, they must be described by a joint wave function.

Entanglement can be created through various quantum interactions and controlled by quantum gates. In quantum computing, entanglement is often generated using gates like the Controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate. Manipulating entangled states requires careful control and isolation from the environment, as entanglement can be easily destroyed by decoherence.

Entanglement is a key resource in quantum computing, enabling parallelism and the execution of complex algorithms. It's essential for quantum error correction, quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation, and many quantum algorithms. The ability to create, manipulate, and measure entangled states is a fundamental requirement for building a quantum computer.

Entanglement has led to deep philosophical discussions about the nature of reality and locality. It has been experimentally confirmed through tests of Bell inequalities, ruling out certain types of "hidden variable" theories that would explain quantum correlations classically. Entanglement continues to be a rich area of study, with ongoing research into its properties, applications, and fundamental nature.

Entanglement is at the heart of the quantum revolution, representing a distinctly quantum form of correlation that has no classical analog. It's a concept that challenges our intuitive understanding of the world and opens up new possibilities for computation, communication, and the study of the fundamental nature of reality.